You are currently browsing the tag archive for the ‘GIS’ tag.

Modern software systems provide the facilities to readily serve spatial data on the web where it can be made readily accessible either to selected clients or to a wider audience… (more)

Universities of Technologies (UoTs) are introducing programs in geographical information science and technology (GISc & T) to set themselves apart as unique and essential higher education institutions [1]. This paper describes the proposed new undergraduate programmes for UoTs in South Africa… (more)

Inefficiencies in utility’s asset management practices leads to adoption of a GIS solution that enables a more sophisticated and unified way of managing of its electric, natural gas, wastewater, and water sectors. The new centralised geodatabase also played a key role during last year’s wildfires which threatened residential and commercial infrastructure in the city… (more)

 

The challenge being faced by GIS professionals in the mining sector is not so much a technological one but rather one of value. In an economic environment where budgets are being slashed, how do GIS professionals working in the mining environment ensure that their departments survive and provide value to the overall operation… (more)

Granite contains very high levels of natural radioisotopes which results in high levels of natural background radiation in the surrounding area. Different locations were selected on the West Coast Peninsula and gamma ray measurements were done to determine the levels of natural radioactive isotopes in the soil in order to evaluate the radiation of the population of the West Coast… (more)

There exists ample evidence that physical structures of and around residential neighbourhoods can influence health. This study used fine scale spatial data and local community’s perceptions to examine the spatial distribution of TB, HIV/AIDS, hypertension, diabetes and obesity across different physical environments of the Philippi township “Brown’s Farm”… (more)

Service delivery, upgrading of services, effective municipal and asset management is only possible if an organisation has accurate and complete data sets. The pressure is on project managers, GIS professionals, engineers and any other professional to ensure that data capturing is reliable, cost effective and fast. High accuracy 3D mobile mapping is one of the latest “tools in the toolbox” to affect this… (more)

GIS is changing the way geographic information is managed by information managers and GIS professionals accessed by their organizations. This complete GIS further integrates desktops, servers, mobile, and web applications and provides additional tools and infrastructure for extending the reach of existing GIS implementations. With new GIS functionality, organizations can transition to next-generation GIS platforms without jeopardizing current GIS investments… (more)

This paper deals with a description of the value chain from the spatial analytics model (typically related to trade area analysis) through to the acquisition of some of the input data from the censor network. The analytics process is broken down into the comprising elements with each step briefly described… (more)

It is courageous and innovative to introduce GIS into the Geography curriculum in the new CAPS to the extent in which it has been. If taught well, learners who take Geography up to grade 12 will have a good understanding ofbasic skills in remote sensing, geomatics and GIS… (more)

The scope and emphasis of a public health program are necessarily influenced by the changing characteristics of the population it serves. In South Africa, population growth between 2004 and 2009 has outstripped the availability of health facilities. GIS provides ideal platforms for decision makers to easily visualize problems in relation to existing health services as well as distribution of health facilities and their surrounding populations… (more)

One legacy of the apartheid era in South Africa is that many informal settlements are situated on marginal and often poorly drained land. In Cape Town, the informal settlements are often characterised by high population growth and poor infrastructure. Consequently, most of these settlements are prone to flooding after prolonged rainfall… (more)

This article examines how GIS and remote sensing can be used from an environmental criminological perspective to better understand the spread of rhino poaching incidents in South Africa. Another Africa sunrise over the bushveld, the early sunrays reveal the dehorned carcass of a heavily pregnant rhino cow. Sadly, scenes like these are happening with increasing frequency and statistics reveal a staggering growth in rhino killings in South Africa since 2008… (more)

The National Heritage Resources Act 25 of 1999, Section 30 paragraph 5 states: “On request, need or revision of a zoning scheme or SDF the planning authority shall produce an inventory and submit to the authority to be listed in the register.” In 2004 a heritage officer was appointed and shortly after a tender advertised for the undertaking of a heritage survey for Drakenstein… (more)

The Department of Geography and Environmental Studies at Stellenbosch University (SU) houses the GeoIT unit which drives the implementation of geographic information technology within the university’s HOPE project, and focuses on research, teaching and learning and community interaction in the domains of GIS, earth observation and photogrammetry… (more)

The work of the ISO/TC 211 is viewed by some members of the South African geospatial community as being utopian and oblivious to the realities on the ground. GIS community members explained that some South African GIS departments are struggling to get the basics of GIS right and are unable to deal with the fancy footwork required of some ISO standards… (more)

When you speak to Dr. Helen de Klerk, newly-appointed senior lecturer in the Geography and Environmental Studies Department at Stellenbosch University (SU), it’s quite apparent that she has a passion for linking biodiversity science and geographical information systems (GIS) through her research and teaching to better serve the environment and society. “GIS help solve a lot of conservation and social problems,” explains De Klerk. “For example, you could use it to determine whether off-road vehicles, concentrated in a certain area where the soil is fragile, are causing damage to the area and need to be rerouted. It is also used to conduct satellite tracking of animals that cover large distance such as elephants, in order to identify movement corridors and reduce conflict with people and their property… (more)

A GIS debate and presentation took place at Hulwazi High school in Daveyton on 2 July 2011. The schools participating in the debate were Lesiba High School and Hulwazi High School. The event was hosted and organised by Proactive Afri Youth Geographic Information Systems (PAYGIS), a non-profit organisation which aims to expand the horizons of the geospatial industry through GIS education, campaigns and awareness programmes. The following topics were debated on the day: Combating crime with GIS; How GIS can help to keep the city of Ekurhuleni clean; How banks can use GIS tools to expand profit margins… (more)

In South Africa, spatial address data has been collected by different public and private organisations, with little or no cooperation on data sharing. Although there is weighty evidence about the benefits of spatial data sharing, organisations are still experiencing problems in making it happen, hence the costly duplication of efforts in data collection and storage still persists… (more)

Landslides and rockfalls, like most natural hazards, cannot be prevented but the effects thereof can be mitigated using sound engineering judgement. For this reason roads are generally constructed in such a way that steep slopes adjacent to the road are avoided and the risk that a landslide or rockfall will envelop the road is reduced. However, it is impossible to avoid all areas with uneven topography and inevitably when roads are constructed in mountainous terrains, cuttings into natural slopes are required to obtain a suitable alignment… (more)

Geographical information systems (GIS) have been invaluable tools for the public sector and scientific researchers for many years. Now businesses are waking up to the opportunities for using geographical data to solve real-world problems. From logistics and supply chain management to marketing and business intelligence, GIS as a commercial tool has come of age… (more)

This white paper speaks to computationally intensive mathematical and statistical methods that are the basis of research and development of geographic information systems. Given the large scale datasets involved, it is timely to re-examine how computational frameworks are or are not designed for maximum performance… (more)

Combining 3D mobile mapping, integrated information systems for municipalities and mobile GIS/data logging will change the way that municipalities manage their infrastructure. Working in conjunction with each other, these technologies enable efficient use of time, reduction of unnecessary expenditure, and will help to ensure that all South Africans have access to reliable services… (more)

The delivery and management of regular free and fair elections is vital, and an effective geographic information system (GIS) is a crucial spoke in the election wheel. AfriGIS has worked with the Independent Electoral Commission of South Africa (IEC) since 1998 and is currently assisting the IEC to power successful municipal elections in May 2011… (more)

 Surveyors and GIS professionals are often heard asking the question: “Does my work enjoy copyright protection, and if so, do I own the copyright?” Copyright has important implications for these professional persons. It determines whether the work that is produced by such persons enjoys protection; it determines who owns such copyright; and it determines whether and how such rights can be enforced against a person who copies such work without the necessary consent… (more)

For much of Idaho the Snake River is the lifeblood. The 1674 km tributary of the Columbia River provides water for drinking, irrigating, and generating approximately 50% of the state’s energy through hydropower. For Idaho Power Company, owner and operator of 17 hydroelectric power plants, preservation of the river is of utmost importance… (more)

In 2010 Primedia Unlimited commissioned consumer knowledge and information company, TNS Research Surveys, to conduct research to provide quantifiable evidence of the efficacy of different media types in terms of campaign recall. A geographic information system (GIS) was used to represent and interrogate the data at a spatial level… (more)

A typical information strategy aims to build an information foundation that is integrated and actionable in order to equip business with the right information to support its decision-making. GIS technology is a powerful tool, which can be used to assist enterprise information managers to deliver a quality information strategy… (more)

GIS is the perfect tool for spatial modeling in a feature-dense area such as an academic campus. There are multiple relationships between features that have an impact upon how a campus operates, from walking distances between lecture theatres, green space management and facilities management for parking as examples.  By knowing what is where, it is possible to understand the spatial relationships within a campus and plan accordingly… (more)

A true giant among trees – the tallest known hardwood in the world – was discovered and mapped using a combination of lidar and GIS, the same technologies Forestry Tasmania uses on a daily basis for managing forests in Australia’s southern island state of Tasmania. The swamp gum, a eucalyptus, was nicknamed Centurion and measured at 99,6 m in height and 405 cm in diameter… (more)

Those of us in the GIS community take it for granted that the incorporation of GIS enriches effective asset management practices, to the point where we find it difficult to understand how good asset management could be practiced without GIS. In reality however, many government transportation departments report only limited success in both good asset management practice and incorporating GIS into their asset management practices. So, why the gap between promise and reality?… (more)

With more than 80% of all business information containing a location component, the use of location as an anchor for project management and information flow is a logical choice. This article will explore the emergence of GIS as a valued tool in the infrastructure and construction industries for its ability to address four broad business issues – data management, planning and analysis, field force enablement and situational awareness – and how construction, mining and services provider Thiess are using GIS to great advantage… (more)

First I want to thank the Royal Geographical Society for giving me this award and for recognising the role of geographic information systems (GIS) in geography. This is a milestone event for me and also for the GIS world that I am part of. Geography has been co-evolving with this interesting technology for some decades. In the last half of the twentieth century, a group of people began exploring what I like to call computational geography. This work involved people interested in exploration and geographic science… (more)

The long awaited Committee for Spatial Information (CSI) has held its first meeting and a tough journey lies ahead. The committee has been tasked with the responsibility of successfully implementing South Africa’s spatial data infrastructure (SDI) and with ensuring that our country uses its geospatial data effectively for the benefit of all its citizens. Listening in on the proceedings it was apparent that the implementation of the South African Spatial Data Infrastructure (SASDI) is a mammoth task… (more)

An exploratory study into the potential of GIS to contribute to the implementation and measurement of sustainability within third-world Africa. This article is a summary of a dissertation which was conducted from 2006 until 2009. Although the overall research and conclusions were broadly African, a South African case study of the municipal environment constituted the primary research… (more)

In today’s world, countries, provinces and municipalities compete in order to attract and retain firms. Economic development agencies may use GIS to develop information that is essential to investors and entrepreneurs. This article will describe how GIS was used to create the Gauteng Economic Opportunity Atlas. The atlas will be used as a tool for attracting business into Gauteng province… (more)

The emergence of GIS and the broader geospatial information market over the years has seen industry respond to technological developments, economic ups and downs and societal change in equal measure. Rarely have developments in the GIS industry conflicted with broader trends; instead the GIS industry has consistently responded to wider changes by adapting to them. This trend is most clear in the movement of geospatial data and tools onto the web… (more)

In the Eastern Cape Province there are still many schools that are lacking computing infrastructure and teacher competencies in IT. In addition, access to the internet is extremely uncommon and most teachers lack access to even basic communications technology such as email. Those schools that do have computer equipment are often using out of date hardware and software on these devices. Because of these issues, creating a successful programme for the tuition of GIS in schools is no easy task… (more)

Despite the immense potential of geographical information systems (GIS) for executive level decision making, planning and many other diverse applications, these systems are largely underutilised. This article outlines some of the reasons for this and identifies the critical success factors for implementing a GIS in a government institution of a developing country.  The article shows that success depends on strong linkages to political drivers and objectives, GIS data availability and a number of social, institutional and technical factors… (more)

Andries Naude, known to and respected by many CSIR colleagues across units, passed away peacefully after a long struggle with cancer. Based at CSIR Built Environment in Stellenbosch, Andries tackled every task – professionally as well as personally – passionately and with vigour, even after he was diagnosed with cancer 18 months ago… (more)

While working for a former employee, we undertook some exciting supply chain work which combined crop models, historical rainfall data, GIS, storage capacities of grain silos, road and rail networks – multi-modal transport mechanisms, producer locations, consumer locations,  market prices of the commodities (SAFEX) and crop production areas. Supply chain analysis consists of a quantitative analysis of inputs and outputs between firms, prices and value added along a supply chain through agent accounts… (more)

Internationally there is a growing demand for persons competent in geographical information science (GISc). The US Bureau of Labour Statistics projected a growth of up to 26% in the GISc labour market. In South Africa, government departments are already experiencing vacancies in the region of 30%. This is not a new phenomenon, as long ago as 1998 the Department of Science and Technology, South Africa, identified geomatics as one of five technology focus areas for the ICT roadmap… (more)

GIS is integral to government operations and yet here in South Africa treasure troves of GIS data lie hidden in silo structures while various government departments and local municipalities blow their budgets hiring consultants to provide them with data that is actually freely available to them, if only they knew it was available and how to access it. Much of this needless expenditure is being duplicated across South Africa at a time of restricted budgets and increased demands for service delivery… (more)

The use of environmental geographical/geospatial information systems (GIS) is fast gaining momentum in South Africa. One of the useful applications of this tool is in combining multiple lines of evidence in the decision-making process on the outcome of site investigations. As legislation becomes increasingly stringent regarding responsibilities for contaminated site assessments and remediation… (more)

Crime analysis is a law enforcement function that involves systematic analysis for identifying and analysing patterns and trends in crime and disorder. Information on patterns can help law enforcement agencies deploy resources in a more effective manner, and assist detectives in identifying and apprehending suspects. Crime analysis also plays a role in devising solutions to crime problems, and formulating crime prevention strategies… (more)

The accurate positioning of voting stations within voting districts was an important factor in ensuring that the voting process proceeded smoothly on election day. Voting districts and stations were determined in accordance with provisions set out in the Electoral Act and focused on allowing the optimum number of voters unimpeded access to vote. Since 2004, the voters’ roll has grown by 2,5-million to 23,1-million and the IEC’s challenge was to analyse and amend voting districts and stations where necessary… (more)

Gone are the glory days when investing in an expensive new server just to run one piece of software could be justified. In the current economic climate, with IT budgets coming under closer scrutiny, any investment needs to be justified as a legitimate business need. Even for a GIS company that is dependant on extremely resource-intensive applications that typically require different platforms to run, justifying expenditure on separate servers for each new system can be difficult. And if the expense can’t be justified, “making do” with what they’ve got could mean lagging behind their competitors and losing traction in the market… (more)

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